IELTS Energy 401: Why you Must Know the Difference Between Static and Change Over Time

ielts differences static change over time

Today you’ll learn the 3 most important differences between Static and Change Over Time to increase your Writing Task 1 scores.

A question came up recently in our Facebook Live class about how these Task 1 questions differ.

This episode is excellent not only if you’re beginning your IELTS preparation, but it also serves as a solid review if you’ve been preparing for awhile.

Difference #1- Types of Numbers

In a Change Over Time question, you will usually see a line graph, with units of time at the bottom.

Time‘ could be years, minutes, days, or even ages.

A Static graph, in contrast, is often a table, with numbers that are only true for one time. For instance, in could be about comparing the amount of calories men and women ate in 2012 (one year).

Difference #2- Vocabulary

Change Over Time utilizes words to indicate movement, such as increasing and decreasing. You cannot use this vocabulary in a Static essay.

For Static essays, you want to employ interesting synonyms for high, low, big and small.


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Difference #3- Sentence Structure

In Change Over Time, you’re using structures with there is/are, and straightforward subject + verb + object sentences, including time phrases. In our course we go over the structures you need.

In Static, on the other hand, you need more comparative / superlative structures. Again, these are in our course. You need to use comparative phrases with linking words such as in contrast and on the contrary.

Most likely, you will get a number question on Academic Task 1.

I recommend focusing on Change Over Time first, because it is easier, and then learn about Static essays.

What do you think of today’s advice?

Leave us a message in the comments section below!


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  • 1) He became clean seriously without committing any more crimes . ( in a serious manner )
    2) She was seriously sick and couldn’t get up again . ( to an alarmingly grave extent )
    3) Seriously / Sincerely , class, the exam is over with no extra time left . ( with genuine, earnest intent )

    4) It’s New Year . We should / seriously / really need to start fresh right now . ( strong form or really, or we should )
    5) A: Isn’t AEE super cool ? B: Seriously ! I’m deeply in love with it . ( as a form of enthusiastic agreement )
    6) Are you seriously going to marry that guy ? ( with a surprise )
    7) What a coincidence ! I was seriously just about to visit you ! ( run into someone )

  • IELTS Writing Task 1:

    1) Change Over Time
    A line graph with units of time ( years, minutes, days, ages … ) at the bottom
    Movement of increasing or decreasing
    Sentence structures with there is/are and S+V+O with time phrases

    2) Static
    A table with No.s that are only true for one time
    No movement/change — stays still
    More comparative/superlative structures with linking words

  • Muhammad Sadriddinov

    I usually call “change over time” as “with trends”, while “static” as “without trend”. No matter it would be table or pie and line chart, they can represent both static and change over time. Importantly, candidate should focus on more time period whether there is? and then spend time to choose suitable vocab and structure.